Udupi Sri Krishna Mutt is a famous Hindu temple dedicated to god Krishna located in the town of Udupi in Karnataka, India.
Udupi 60 Kms north of Mangalore is the seat of Lord Krishna, considered to be one of the holiest places for pilgrimage in southern India. Here there is a holy temple of Sri Krishna and this is the birthplace of Sri Madhwacharya, founder of Dwaita Philosophy and one of the three great Acharyas, he is reputed to have discovered the idol of Shri Krishna from a ship, which he saved miraculously from the clutches of fatal storm breeding on the sea at Malpe. One day when he was performing his morning prayers on the Malpe shore, he found that a ship sailing in the sea, was in danger owing to rough weather, Sri Madhwacharya with his divine power was able to control the rough weather.
Here there is a holy temple of Sri Krishna and this is the birthplace of Sri Madhwacharya, founder of Dwaita Philosophy and one of the three great Acharyas, he is reputed to have discovered the idol of Shri Krishna from a ship, which he saved miraculously from the clutches of fatal storm breeding on the sea at Malpe. One day when he was performing his morning prayers on the Malpe shore, he found that a ship sailing in the sea, was in danger owing to rough weather, Sri Madhwacharya with his divine power was able to control the rough weather.
Miraculously and to the utter astonishment of the captain and the crew of the ship, the weather became calm, and the ship, that was a few minutes before, found to be on the verge of destruction, unknowingly reached the Malpe shore on its own accord. The captain of the ship saw Sri Madhwacharya standing and holding his loincloth in the direction of the wind, in deep meditations. The captain, considering his greatness offered all the cargo, in return for the help rendered. Sri Madhwacharya refused to accept anything, except two big pieces of Gopichandan, which he knew, contained the images of Lord Krishna and Sri Balarama. The images of Lord Krishna is the same that can be seen in the Sri Krishna Temple at Udupi and the image of Sri Balarama can be seen at Vadabhandeshwara Malpe. Sri Madhwacharya, who is considered as an incarnation of Vayu Devata, organized eight mutts at Udupi for the worship of Lord. Once in two years the Pariyaya festival will be held in the middle of January when the worship of Krishna passes from one mutt to another when disciples of the Madhwa seat congregate from all parts of India.
Lord Narayana, in his one of the incarnation as Parasurama, after making 21 assaults on the Kshathriyas and destroying them, performed a great Yajna. In this Yajna he gave away all his land as a gift to Brahmins. Finding that he was not left with any land for himself and being reluctant to stay in the land already given away as gift, he reclaimed from Arabian Sea a strip of land from Gokarna to Cape Comorin. This coastal strip of land, obtained by Parasurama from Varuna the Sea-God, is known as Parasurama Kshetra or Parasurama land. Ramabhoja, a great devotee of Parasurama, was proclaimed king of this land. Intending to perform Ashwamedha Yajna, Rambhoja got the site for sacrificial fire ploughed up.
While ploughing, a serpent got killed by the ploughshare. Although this serpent was nothing but a demon in disguise, Rambhoja was greatly worried as it was a sin to kill a serpent. To atone this sin, he was directed by Lord Parasurama to build a big silver pedestal with the image of a serpent at each of its four corners and to worship Him who would be seated in spirit on the pedestal and also to distribute gold equal to his own weight (Tulabhara) to deserving persons. Rambhoja did likewise and performed the Ashwamedha Yajna successfully. At its conclusion, Lord Parasurama appeared and declared that he was pleased with the Yajna and that henceforth the sacrificial land ‘Roopya Peetha’ (silver pedestal) would become a famous centre of pilgrimage. This land is also known as ‘Thoulava’ land and because Rambhoja performed ‘Tulabhara’. This is in brief is the legend of the land.
Deriving the name UDUPI:
This Roopya Peetha land is now popularly known as Udupi. This name has been derived from the Moon. Daksha Prajapathi once cursed the Moon. To ward of this curse, the moon performed penance in propitiation of God Ishwara in forest in this land. Ishwara being pleased appeared before the moon and removed the evil effects of the curse. This place has since been known as Chandramouleeshwara and there is an ancient temple of this name. The actual spot where the moon performed penance is known as ‘Abjaranya’. There is a sacred tank Chandra-Pushkarani by its side. In Sanskrit, ‘Udu’ means stars; ‘Pa’ means ‘lord of’. Hence Udupa means lord of stars, that is, moon. The place is called as Udupi as the moon performed penance and obtained grace.
After the time of Rajabhoja, a Kadamba King ruled the territory around Sahyadri Mountains. It is believed that he was born by the special grace of the God. In his dynasty was born a king by name Vasu and he got married his daughter Susheela to Hemangada, another prince of the Sun dynasty. This couple begot a son by name Mayuravarma. Soon after the child was born his father died in battle. The widowed mother Susheela and Mayuravarma lived on the banks of the river Shakthimathi in extreme hardship and poverty.
Once sage Vasista happened to pass that way. He advised Susheela and her son to worship the God at Koteshwara who would put an end to their troubles. They did likewise and as a result of this, Mayuravarma became the king of Thoulava land. Once sage Kashyapa advised king to get settle some worthy Brahmin Vedic scholars in his country. King accepted the advice and invited Brahmin Vedic scholars from North India and made them settle in his country. This Roopya Peetha is also known as Shivalli. The Brahmins who settled in Shivalli Village are known as Shivalli Brahmins. They are also known as Thoulava Brahmins because they settle down in Thoulava land.
Udupi has now become famous because of Sri Madhwacharya, the founder of the Dwaita system of Philosophy and also because of Sri Krishna Mutt. It is well known from authoritative source that Sri Madhwacharya is an incarnation of God Vayu who at the behest Lord Narayana accepted the task of interpreting the Shastras correctly and leading worthy men to their salvation. Sri Madhwacharya was born in the year 1238 A.D. on the Vijaya Dashami day in the month of Ashwayuja in the Vilambi Samvatsara.
Sri Madhwacharya founded the Dwaita system of philosophy and propagated it throughout the country. Sri Madhwacharya gave sanyasa to eight of his disciples and commissioned them not only to carry on the worship of the idol of Shri Krishna but also to propagate the Dwaita Philosophy. The pontiff of each of eight mutts carried on the worship of the idol for a period of two months by rotation.
These Mutts are – 1) Sri Palimar Mutt, 2) Sri Admar Mutt, 3) Sri Krishnapur Mutt, 4) Sri Puttige Mutt, 5) Sri Sirur Mutt, 6) Sri Sode Mutt, 7) Sri Kaniyoor Mutt and 8) Sri Pejavar Mutt.
Sri Krishna Mutt:
Udupi is famous for its Sri Krishna Mutt, which though small is quite beautiful. There is no front door to this mutt. Instead there is a window through which once could always get the darshana of the idol from outside the mutt. The main entrance to the Mutt is on the southern side. As one enters, on the right side there is a tank called the Madhwa Pushkarani. This tank has stone steps all round and a Mantapa in the centre. Inside the sanctum sanctorum, the idol of Sri Krishna is installed facing west. The exit from the Mutt on the northern side leads straight to the dining hall, called Chowki.
Annual Festivals and Celebrations:
1. Seven Utsavas:
Saptotsava or the seven Utsavas can be considered to be the annual festival in Sri Krishna Temple. It commences 5 days prior to Makara Sankramana and carries on daily. The sixth utsava takes place on the night of Makara Sankramana and on the next day, utsava takes place during daytime. (These Utsavas take place about the middle of January every year).
2. Sri Madhwa Navami:
Sri Madhwa Navami is celebrated on a grand scale in Udupi. It is on this auspicious day on the ninth day of the bright half of the month of Makara (February) that Sri Madhwacharya disappeared from mortal sight.
3. Holi Kamadahana:
On this day in March, in the evening a procession starts from Sri Krishna Mutt, proceeds upto Kadiyali and returns. At night there is another procession and program consists of the burning of an effigy of ‘Kama’. Next morning there is another procession where the members smear themselves with colored water.
4. Sri Rama Navami:
This festival falls on the ninth day of the bright half of the month of Chaitra (April).
5. Mesha Sankramana:
This is the New Year day. The celebration consist of a chariot utsava, cradle pooja, etc. at daytime.
This is the spring festival. Every year in Chaitra, Vasantha Pooja continues for 2 months every night. Light refreshment, in the form of prasadam, is distributed to the public after it is offered to God during the Pooja.
7. Narasimha Jayanthi:
The deity of Sri Krishnapur and Sri Kaniyoor Mutts is Sri Narasimha. If these deities happen to be in the Sri Krishna Mutt, special Abhishekha, feeding of Brahmins and chariot utsava take place on this day in the month of May.
8. Bhagirathi Janmadina:
On this day in June, there is special pooja in the ‘Bhagirathi gudi’ in the Madhwasarovar. A car festival for Lord Sri Krishna takes place at night and Mantapa pooja is specially held before Bhagirathi gudi in Madhwa Sarovara.
The word Chaturmasa means four months. It refers to a period from the bright half Ekadashi of Ashada to the same day in Kartika Masa. There is a special Abhishekha to the idol of Shri Krishna.
On the Ekadashi nights, during Chaturmasa, there is a special pooja at night and a program till the early hours of the morning are arranged with a view to keep the pious people awake during the night. The program consists of instrumental music, dancing and Sankeertana, reading of Puranas etc.
11. Sri Krishna Jayanthi:
This festival comes off on the Shravana Krishna Ashtami, in the month of August or September every year. Complete fast is observed on that day and when the moon rises at about midnight, the swamijis take their bath and offer special pooja and ‘Argya’ to Sri Krishna. A golden chariot taken around the car street on this occasion.
12. Ganesha Chathurthi:
This festival, which is celebrated to mark the birthday of Lord Ganapathi, comes off on the fourth day of the bright half of Bhadrapada in the month of September.
13. Anantha Chathurdhashi:
This festival comes off on the 14th day of bright half of Bhadrapada in the month of September. On this day there is Kalashapratishte, special pooja and sumptuous feast for Brahmins in the mutt.
14. Navarathri (Dasara):
This comes off usually in the month of October. Commencing with the first day of the bright half Ashwija, this festival lasts for 10 days. During the first nine days, the idol of Sri Krishna is decorated in the feminine form of Lakshmi.
15. Panchami Jagarana Pooja:
This special pooja takes place every morning for one month from Ashwija Shuddha Ekadashi till Kartika Shuddha Dwadhashi.
16. Deepavali (Balindra Pooja):
This festival comes off in the month of October or November. On the thirteenth day of the dark half of Ashwija, Pooja is offered to water. Next morning at moon rise, a pooja offering oil to Krishna is performed. On the New Moon day, Pooja is offered to the image of Bali, which is artistically drawn on the ground in front of the gopuram. A large number of wick lamps are lighted on this occasion.
17. Laksha Deepotsava:
From the first day in the month of Kartika, till Dwadhashi, a special pooja is offered to the Tulasi plant after the night pooja.
18. Subramanya Shashti:
On this day celebration consists of special pooja in the Sri Subramanya Shrine, Chariot Utsava during morning and mass feast to Brahmins at noon. A car festival for Lord Krishna takes place at night and Mantapa pooja is held in Subramanya Shrine.
19. Dhanu Pooja:
Everyday throughout the month of Dhanu, a special pooja takes place at dawn. Pongal and many other sweets are prepared as an offering for this pooja which is later on served to the few invited people.
20. Guru Samaradhana:
The Paryaya Swamis celebrate the Aradhana or Death Anniversary of their immediate Gurus on a grand scale.
21. Paryaya Mahotsava:
The Paryaya festival is the biggest of all the festivals in Udupi. This festival, which occurs on the 17th or 18th of January of alternative years, attracts huge crowd from all corners of India. Prior to Sri Vadiraja Teertha Swami it was customary for each swamis to be in charge of the Sri Krishna Mutt and its poojas for a period of two months only. But Sri Vadiraja changed this into a period of two years each. This handing over and taking over ceremony of the charge of Sri Krishna Mutt is known as Paryaya. The entire responsibility of carrying on the customary poojas and festivals of Sri Krishna Mutt during these two years rests with the Paryaya Swami.
How to reach Udupi Shri Krishna Temple:
There are many busses ply between Mangalore-Udupi-Kundapur/Manipal etc. From Mangalore to Udupi will take one-hour journey. Temple situated at the heart of Udupi town and walk able distance from bus stand.
Postal corresponding Address of the temple:
Sri Krishna Math
Jagadguru Shri Madhwacharya Moola Mahasamstana
UDUPI – 576101
Karnataka – INDIA
Ph: 91-8252-20598, 23402
1. Akhanda Saptotsava 1,00,000-00
2. Udayatsamana Seva 50,000-00
3. Sarva Seva Sahita Brahmotsava 25,000-00
4. Brahma Rathotsava 16,000-00
5. Suvarna Rathotsava 10,000-00
6. Anna Santarpana 10,000-00
7. Bhagavatha Sapta Pravachana 10,000-00 (With Anna Santharpana)
8. Bhagavatha Sapta Pravachana 3,500-00
9. Rajatha Rathotsava 5,000-00
10. Garuda Rathotsava 5,000-00
11. Suvarna palaki Utsava 3,000-00
12. Maha pooja Rathotsava 2,500-00
13. Kanakabhishekha seva with Mahapooja 2,000-00
14. Laksharchana (only on Sundays) 1,000-00
15. Madhyanha Mahapooja 1,000-00
16. Vajra Kireetalankara Seva 1,000-00
17. Brahma Sutrarchana 500-00
18. Ratri pooja 500-00
19. Deeparadhane 300-00
20. Hoovina Pooja (Excluding flower) 300-00
21. Chinnada Thottilu Pooja 300-00
22. Alankara Pooja 300-00
23. Panchamrithabhishekha 150-00
24. Avasara Sanakadi pooja 100-00
25. Ushakala Pooja (Vishwaroopa dharshana) 100-00
26. Kolalu Seva 100-00
27. Sahasra Namarchane 75-00
28. Shayanotsava (Ekanta Seva) 75-00
29. Ksheerabhishekha 50-00
30. Halu Benne Samarpana 50-00
31. Tulasi Archane 50-00
32. Gopooja 50-00
33. Karpoora Mangalarathi 25-00
34. Pratyaksha Godanna 15,000-00
35. Godanna (uttama kalpa) 3,000-00
36. Godanna (madhyama Kalpa) 1,500-00
37. Godanna Kanike 250-00
38. Godharma for a day 500-00
Seva at the abode of Shri Mukhyaprana Sannidhi:
1. Homa sahita Vayustuthi Punashcharana (7days) 10,000-00
2. Pavamana Homa 2,000-00
3. Vayustuthi Punashcharana (7 days) 2,000-00
4. Mahapooja sahita Rangapooja 300-00
5. Rangapooja 200-00
6. Madhyahna Mahapooja 100-00
7. Panchamritha Abhishekha 75-00
8. Pavamana Parayana 75-00
9. Vayustuti Parayana 75-00
10. Hastodhaka to Sri Madhwacharya 50-00
11. Hastodhaka to all Vrindavanstha Swamijis 100-00
12. Mahapooja to Lord Garuda 100-00
Seva at the abode of Bhojanashala Sri Mukhyaprana Sannidhi:
1. Payasa Seva 500-00
2. Hoovina Pooja (Excluding Flower cost) 100-00
3. Maha Pooja 100-00
4. Ranga Pooja 75-00
5. Panchamritha 25-00
6. Mangalarathi 10-00
Seva at the abode of Sri Subrahmanya Sannidhi:
1. Ashlesha Bali 1,000-00 Other Expenses 1,000-00
2. Naga Pratishta 1,000-00 Other Expenses 1,000-00
3. Brahmachari Aradhana 250-00
4. Hoovina Pooja (Excluding Flower cost) 100-00
5. Maha Pooja 100-00
6. Ranga Pooja 75-00
7. Panchamritha 30-00
8. Ashwatha Pooja 20-00
9. Mangalarathi 10-00
Seva at the abode of Sri Bhagirathi Sannidhi:
1. Hoovina Pooja (Excluding Flower) 100-00
2. Madhyanha Pooja 50-00
3. Ranga Pooja 50-00
4. Mangalarathi 10-00
Seva at the abode of Sri Navagriha Sannidhi:
1. Navagriha Homa 1,000-00 Other Expenses 1,000-00
2. Navagriha Japa 100-00
3. Mangalarathi 10-00
1. Upanayana Homa etc. (Dakshine Extra) 1,000-00
2. Shradha Kanike (Dakshine Extra) 150-00
3. Tulabhara Kanike (Dakshine Extra) 100-00
4. Chavala Kanike (Dakshine Extra) 100-00